It is apparent that eating some foods, including fruits and vegetables, can minimize inflammation, whereas other foods such as processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, and fried foods can promote inflammation.
Also, if you don’t have a protein deficiency in food, it’s not apparent whether the food causes inflammation. Several types of research say it does the contrary, whereas others say it does. Such conflicting results derive, among others, from variations in the nature and methodology of the research, the demographic and health status of study participants, and diet composition.
A study of 15 randomized controlled trials between 2012 and 2018 showed no pro-inflammatory impact of consumption of milk or dairy products in healthy adults or adults with overweight, obesity, type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome. The study, on the contrary, noted that a milk intake in these populations was correlated with a weak anti-inflammatory effect.
Such results are close to an earlier study of eight randomized controlled trials that did not detect any impact of milk consumption on inflammation markers in adults with overweight or obesity.
Another research in children aged 2–18 found no evidence that the intake of whole-fat dairy products increased inflammatory molecules, namely factor-alpha and interleukin-6 tumour necrosis. Although current evidence indicates no link between dairy and inflammation, there is a need for further research to establish whether individual dairy products — and which components or nutrients of those products — encourage or minimize inflammations.
Observational studies, for example, have linked yoghurt intake to a moderately lower risk of type 2 diabetes, a disease associated with chronic low-grade inflammation. In contrast, cheese intake was associated with a somewhat higher risk of the disease.Note: Most evidence indicates that products made from milk do not encourage inflammation. There is, therefore, a need for further studies before conclusive conclusions can be made.